Kratom’s technical name is mitragyna speciosa. Kratom is also known by kratum or ketum. It is a tropical deciduous tree from the rubiaceae (coffee) family. Kratom trees are native to Southeast Asia, Indochina and surrounding floral zones.
There are over 40 different compounds and 28 identified alkaloids that can be found in kratom leaves. The level and type of alkaloids can vary due to several factors, such as the geographic area in which the particular tree was grown.
Here are some of the common alkaloids found in kratom and their primary effects:
7-hydroxymitagynine – Analgesic/Painkiller that falls into the opioid category.
Mitragynine – Analgesic/Painkiller from the opioid family.
Mitraphylline – An oxindole derivative that can be used as a muscle relaxer.
Other alkaloids found in kratom are: speciognine, epicatechin, isomtraphylline, rhynchophylline, among many more.
Most of the common alkaloids in kratom have the analgesic, painkilling, or relaxing effects listed above. However, some of the other alkaloids have various effects and benefits including; anti-inflammatory, sedative, antioxidant and immune system stimulants. These effects will vary based on everything from the geographic location, how it was grown, and the type/strain (see Types of Kratom).
Deciduous means falling off or to shed at a particular season or stage of growth when referring to tree leaves.
The rubiacae family has over 13,000 species of trees! Many species are used to make food, beverages, medicines and dyes.
7-hydroxymitagynine and mitragynine do not cause hypoventilation, which is common among other opioids.
The Kratom Resource